Having colorful inflorescence and bright green foliage, the Bromeliad belongs to a family of tropical plants.
Very original, these plants have taken place in our interiors in which they diffuse their colors and their extremely decorative aspect.
To maintain them, it is enough to observe some rather simple rules.
Bromeliads, easy-care plants
Bromeliads are plants that do not require much maintenance. The golden rules for a healthy bromeliad are simple.
First and foremost, place your plant in a bright, clear place, but without direct sun. The direct sun would have adverse effects on the health and beauty of your plant.
The temperature must be between 18 and 25 °, in all cases, never below 14 °.
Finally, to keep a vigorous plant, make sure to bring liquid fertilizer to your bromeliad every 15 days, like all houseplants, a nutritional supplement will help it to be in good health.
The importance of humidity
The most important element in the maintenance of bromeliads is obviously watering and humidity in general.
It is advisable to water your plant moderately, with non-calcareous water. Some bromeliads have rosette leaves that act as a funnel to keep rainwater.
You will be able to place water, still not limestone obviously. It is also advisable to regularly spray the foliage of your plants.
Bromeliads being tropical plants, they particularly appreciate humid atmospheres. When we heat our homes, the atmosphere becomes quite dry.
To overcome this problem, you will be able to have near your plant cup filled with ball of clay and water.
By following these fairly simple recommendations, you will be sure to have vigorous indoor plants with beautiful inflorescences.
Flowering: variable season, but very durable
Exposure: bright light or partial shade
Temperature: 15-25 ° C
Soil: light, peat-based
Watering: twice a week
Height: 15 to 40 cm
Varieties of Bromeliad
40 to 50 cm in diameter. Forms a large rosette of leathery gray-green striped silver leaves with an inflorescence on the spike of pink bracts with tiny purple flowers in the center.
40 to 50 cm in diameter. Rosette of long glazed leaves, striped with cream in some varieties. The heart of the rosette is colored red around the purple flowers barely visible.
30 cm in diameter. Rosette of glossy linear leaves surrounding an orange or white inflorescence surrounded by red or bright yellow bracts.
Different species of small size, in rosette of fine gray or gray-green leaves and inflorescence in flattened or elongated spike, purplish pink.
50 cm in diameter. Large rosette of stiff leaves, striped with brown for-meadow. Long inflorescence erect, scarlet.
The location of Bromeliads is very important. Choose a hot situation, without risk of cold drafts, with bright to medium light.
Ensure a good air humidity to these plants: spray foliage daily with warm, lukewarm water, place the pot on a bed of gravel dipping in a little water.
After flowering, which usually lasts for several months, the rosette of leaves surrounding the flowers dies.
The plant has generally formed before discharge, small rosettes, which can be grown separately and which will bloom in a few months or a few years, depending on the species!
How to water it?
Moderate watering to keep the soil just moist is enough for the Bromeliads.
Add a little liquid fertilizer every summer.
Fill fresh water with the reservoir formed in the heart of the rosette by the interlocking leaves of large species.
This is the best way to feed the plant with water. Empty it during the flowering period or at cool temperatures.
Planting on a bark
Fix the moss-coated roots on a beautiful bark.
Because of their growing requirements (especially watering and air humidity), Bromeliads need to be isolated from other plants instead.
However, they can be combined with other epiphytes such as tropical orchids.
Pour the water of watering in the heart of the rosettes of the big leaves.
Spray the foliage daily
If a rosette of leaves is slow to flower, try to speed up the maturation of the plant by enclosing it in a plastic bag with 2 or 3 apples.
The ethylene released by the apple stimulates the formation of flowers.
A concern ?
Aphids and mealybugs can sometimes attack the leaves. Use natural methods to get rid of it.
Fix several small bromeliads on a dead branch or a large piece of bark. Lay out small cavities in the wood, slide the clumps into them and cover their roots with moist sphagnum moss.
Hold in place with a thin wire concealed in the foam. Feed the bromeliads with daily water sprays, bath in a bowl from time to time to moisten the support.
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